We drove to Maabo’s village again over the weekend to visit his family, and so the girls could see how hand looms work. We studied Cartwright’s power loom a couple of weeks ago in school, so it was interesting compare the two looms and processes by which fabric is made.
Maabo was the man who unexpectedly died a few months ago after an undetermined illness that left him partially paralyzed. “Maabo” actually means weaver. He got his name from his occupation. He comes from a family of weavers who all work together in their family compound.
Here you can see thread being unwound and readied for dying. Traditional Fulbe fabric uses indigo dye.
The youngest children can contribute to the family by spinning thread onto spools for use in the shuttle. The shuttle thread forms what is called the weft: the transverse thread that gets woven back and forth; inserted over and under the lengthwise warp to create fabric.
Weavers can vary the pattern in their fabric based on which order they arrange different weft thread colors, if they throw the shuttle above or below the warp, and by altering the number of times in a row the shuttle is passed above or below the warp. The fabric was beautiful, and I was tempted to buy some!
It takes four hours of constant weaving to make enough fabric for a shirt and skirt outfit. The fabric will sell for about $9 USD. The weaver won’t gross that much, though, as he has to subtract the cost of the thread and dye from his profit.